Q: The current contradiction between the United States and Iraq is escalating. The US said it would strike at 52 Iranian targets if Iran attacked any American citizen or asset. Iran says the U.S. is targeting about 35 targets in the region. How does China view the current situation?
A: China is highly concerned about the current situation in the Middle East. The further deterioration of the situation in the Gulf of the Middle East is something no one wants to see. Ensuring peace and stability in the region is vital to the world.
Power politics is unpopular and unsustainable. The U.S. military adventures have violated the basic norms of international relations and exacerbated tensions in the region. China has always opposed the use of force in international relations, and there is no way out for military means.
China holds that all parties should earnestly abide by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and the basic norms of international relations, respect for the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries and safeguard peace and stability in the Middle East and the Gulf region. We urged the US side not to abuse force, and called on all parties concerned to exercise restraint, avoid escalation of the situation in turn, and return to the track of dialogue and consultation as soon as possible to push for a cooling of the tension.
Q: Follow up on a question about Iraq and the United States. The Iraqi National Assembly passed a resolution calling on the Government to end the presence of foreign troops in Iraq, and U.S. President Donald Trump said on Sunday that he would impose severe sanctions on Iraq, saying on Twitter,\" If we do not leave on a friendly basis, we will impose unprecedented sanctions on them. \"What do you say about this?
A: We have seen the report. China has always held that when dealing with state relations, it should abide by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and the basic norms governing international relations. China has always opposed the frequent use or threat of use of sanctions in international relations and the imposition of unilateral sanctions on a country. We have always maintained that Iraq's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity should be effectively preserved. We hope that the countries concerned, especially the major extraterritorial powers, will do more to promote peace and stability in the Middle East and avoid taking measures that could escalate regional tensions.
Q: On Sunday, Iran announced its latest measures to reduce its commitment to a comprehensive nuclear agreement. Is China concerned about this? Who should be held responsible for this? Iran or America?
A: China takes note of the Iranian side's announcement of the fifth phase of measures to reduce the implementation of the comprehensive agreement, and also notes that the Iranian side has indicated that this is the last time to reduce the implementation of the agreement. We believe that while the Iranian side has been forced to reduce its performance due to external factors, it has also demonstrated restraint and clearly expressed its political will to implement the comprehensive agreement in a complete and effective manner, without violating its obligations under the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
At present, the complexity of the situation in the Middle East has increased, and the comprehensive agreement is facing serious challenges. The unilateral withdrawal of the United States from the comprehensive agreement, disregard of international law and international obligations, the imposition of extreme pressure on Iran and the obstruction of other parties'compliance are the root causes of the Iranian nuclear tension and should be the basic starting point for all parties to deal objectively and impartially with the Iranian nuclear issue. All parties involved in the comprehensive agreement should remain calm and rational, adhere to the correct direction of the political and diplomatic settlement, insist on resolving their differences in performance through consultation within the framework of the Joint Committee on the Comprehensive Agreement, eliminate interference, avoid taking any measures that may further complicate the situation, and make every effort to maintain the comprehensive agreement.
In conclusion, I would like to emphasize that the hard-won comprehensive agreement is an important achievement of multilateral diplomacy, an important support for the international nuclear non-proliferation regime and peace and stability in the Middle East, and an important part of the international order based on international law. The international community should proceed from the long-term and overall situation, firmly uphold the comprehensive agreement, and push the Iranian nuclear and Middle East situation toward relaxation. China will continue to maintain close communication and coordination with the parties concerned and make unremitting efforts to this end.
Q: A spokesman for the Iranian Foreign Ministry said yesterday that Iran had written to the UN Security Council about the attack on Sulaymani's death. Iran's foreign ministry says it has taken political, legal and other measures, including at the security council level. Does China believe that this matter should be discussed in the Security Council?
A: China notes that the Permanent Representative of Iran to the United Nations has written to the President of the Security Council and the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The US military risk-taking acts violate the basic norms of international relations and exacerbate regional tensions and instability. The Security Council has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security and should effectively assume its responsibilities under the Charter of the United Nations. As a permanent member of the Security Council, China will continue to uphold its objective and impartial stand and work with all parties concerned to safeguard international law, international fairness and justice, and peace and security in the Middle East Gulf region.
A: I just said that in answer to other reporters'questions. China is highly concerned about the current situation in the Middle East. The further deterioration of the situation in the Gulf region of the Middle East is not in the interests of either party. Ensuring peace and stability in the region is vital to the world.
China has always opposed the abuse of force in international relations.We call on all parties concerned to exercise restraint, avoid escalation of the situation in turn, and return to the track of dialogue and consultation as soon as possible to push for a cooling of the tension.