站内查询
您现在的位置是:主页 > 皇冠官网app下载 > 放射診療會否影響備孕懷孕
放射診療會否影響備孕懷孕
2020-01-05 22:12  www.idc-online.cn

  醫院放射科的門口都會有“孕婦止步”的標識,很多準媽媽在懷孕期間也會選擇穿著防輻射服,一聽到“放射”就覺得如臨大敵。今天就和大家聊聊懷孕和哺乳期間的“放射那些事兒”。

Hospital radiology doors will have \"pregnant women stop\" signs, many expectant mothers during pregnancy will also choose to wear anti-radiation clothing, the \"radiation\" feel like a big enemy. Today we'll talk about \"radiation\" during pregnancy and lactation.

  X射線具有較強的穿透力,并被所穿透的介質吸收而衰減,被照射物質的密度和厚度不同會導致所透照X射線能量不同程度衰減。因此,從X射線管頭的窗口發射的有用射線透射人體后,形成的影像可用于診斷。

X-rays are highly penetrating and attenuated by the absorption of the penetrating medium. Different densities of density and thickness of the irradiated material cause the energy of the irradiated X-rays to decay to varying degrees. Therefore, the resulting image of a useful ray transmitted from the window of the X-ray tube head after transmitting the human body can be used for diagnosis.

  符合規范的放射診斷所致劑量遠遠低于上述值,因此即便接受多次的X射線檢查,也不太可能導致不孕不育。此外,到目前為止的研究結果顯示,父母任一方的性腺在受精前接受X射線檢查,并不會增加兒童癌癥或畸形的發生。

The standard diagnostic dose is far below the above, so even multiple X-rays are unlikely to lead to infertility. In addition, so far research has shown that the gonads of either parent undergoing an X-ray examination before fertilization does not increase the incidence of cancer or deformities in children.

  在進行放射診斷檢查時,X射線與物質原子相互作用,發生一次相互作用就損失大部分能量或全部能量(大能量轉移),光子不是完全消失就是大角度散射,也就是說,X射線不會殘留在受檢者身上。

X-rays interact with the atoms of matter during a radio-diagnostic examination, and a single interaction loses most or all of the energy (large energy transfer), and the photon either disappears completely or scatters at large angles, that is, the X-rays do not remain on the subject.

  哺乳期拍片子,寶媽們的乳汁就相當于“被輻照了”,但是其被輻照劑量遠遠低于正常輻照食品所用劑量,故而也不會對寶媽們的乳汁造成影響,哺乳期內拍片子或CT后是可以正常哺乳的。

During the lactation period, Bao Ma's milk is equivalent to \"irradiated \", but its irradiated dose is far lower than the normal dose of irradiated food, so it will not affect the milk of Bao Ma.

  診斷核醫學包括以臟器顯像和功能測定為主要內容的體內診斷法和以體外放射分析為主要內容的體外診斷法;治療核醫學是利用放射性核素發射的射線,對病變組織進行高度集中照射治療,即利用放射性核素標記藥物進行靶向治療(俗稱“生物導彈”)。

Diagnostic nuclear medicine includes the in vivo diagnostic method with organ imaging and function measurement as the main content and the in vitro diagnostic method with in vitro radioanalysis as the main content.

  臨床核醫學通常會將放射性核素及其標記化合物,即放射性藥物,引入人體內,且放射性藥物會在患者體內進行代謝,因而會對患者造成一定的照射。

Clinical nuclear medicine usually introduces radionuclides and their marked compounds, or radioactive drugs, into the human body, and radioactive drugs are metabolized in the patient's body, thus causing a certain amount of radiation to the patient.

  用碘-131治療分化型甲狀腺癌(DTC)時,碘-131的用量相對較大,一定程度上可損傷睪丸功能,但現有臨床證據并未表明碘-131對睪丸的損傷可增加不育、不良分娩事件及后代先天性發育不良的風險。

in the treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer (dtc) with iodine-131, the dosage of iodine-131 is relatively large and can damage testicular function to some extent. however, the available clinical evidence does not show that iodine-131 damage to testicular may increase the risk of infertility, adverse delivery events, and congenital dysplasia in offspring.

  部分女性DTC患者,經碘-131治療后,短期內可出現月經推